More Background on the Shortage of Affordable Housing in Lawrence

The Problem 

Failure to prioritize quality housing for all income groups in Lawrence has priced many working families and vulnerable individuals out of town. The economically excluded include victims of domestic violence, young adults aging out of foster care, the disabled, ex-offenders, seniors, and all those who do not earn the $15.67 an hour ($32,594 a year) that is necessary to rent a two-bedroom without being cost burdened.[i] The 671 families and individuals currently on waiting lists for housing assistance are one way to represent the existing need. 64 of the 671 are currently experiencing homelessness or are precariously housed and qualify for the transitional housing waiting list. In 2013, the city estimated that more than $90,000,000 in subsidy would be required to address projected housing needs.[ii]

Justice Matters' History on Affordable Housing

Issues related to housing were first identified during a Listening Process organized by Justice Matters in a series of 108 house meetings in October 2014. Sitting around kitchen tables or in houses of worship, over 1,200 people expressed their concerns and voiced their ideas for the city. Community members shared comments like:

  • "I worry that we will lose our house. What about my kids? Who will take care of them?"
  • "I worry about other people in this town that do not have a roof over their head. They are outside, uncomforted."
  • "I worry about being evicted because I can't pay rent...I can't make it on my income anymore."
  • "I worry because everyone needs a home."
  • "I worry because I think our elderly and disabled get kicked to the curb at some point."

Choosing to Address Affordable Housing - A Grassroots Issue

At the Justice Matters’ Community Problems Assembly on November 10, 2014, 450 members of the Justice Network pointed to affordable housing and homelessness as an area of concern in our community. After canvassing public housing in the Edgewood neighborhood and trailer parks in Lawrence, a testimony was shared that presented the scope of the need in our community: “The average wait for a working person seeking housing assistance is anywhere between twelve months and two years in Lawrence. During this time, many families are forced to live on the streets, the emergency shelter, hotels riddled with crime and drugs. This is a quiet crisis that most people refuse to admit exists.” Justice Matters voted that evening to make affordable housing and homelessness a priority.

Research

Justice Matters then assembled a working group led by Rev. Randy Weinkauf (Immanuel Lutheran Church) and Rev. Matt Sturtevant (First Baptist Church). In the spring of 2015, the Justice Matters' Housing Working Group conducted research meetings with:

  • Shannon Oury (Director, Lawrence-Douglas County Housing Authority) 
  • Rebecca Buford (Executive Director,Tenants to Homeowners)
  • Loring Henderson (Former Director, Lawrence Community Shelter)
  • Robert Baker and Leslie Soden (Co-Presidents, Affordable Housing Coalition)
  • Mike Brouwer (Director, Douglas County Jail Re-Entry Program)
  • Joan Schultz (Executive Director, Willow Domestic Violence Center)
  • Terry Leatherman (Director, Housing and Credit Counseling, Inc.) 
  • Dani Dressler (City of Lawrence, Author of the Consolidated Plan 2013-2017)
  • Treni Wesscott (Landlord Inspections, City of Lawrence)
  • Mary Brooks (Director, Housing Trust Fund Project)

The Housing Working Group also reviewed relevant studies and documents including:

Nehemiah Action 2015

Two thousand people of faith gathered at our first Nehemiah Action Assembly at the Lied Center on May 7, 2015 to do justice in the areas of housing and mental health in Lawrence. Led by the Housing Working Group, Justice Matters called for:

  • the creation of an Affordable Housing Trust Fund (AHTF) with a dedicated revenue source and an Affordable Housing Advisory Board to manage the AHTF by January 1, 2016.
  • the elimination of the transitional housing waiting list by January 1, 2019. 

Vice Mayor Leslie Soden committed herself to work towards these goals.  

June 2015: After Justice Mattes' Nehemiah Assembly, the City of Lawrence released a memorandum which included the following history on affordable housing:                                                                                                    

City of Lawrence Affordable Housing Timeline [i]

1993: City Commission appoints a Housing Study Group (HSG) to study housing issues.

 1994: The Housing Study Group submits “An Action Plan for Housing”. The top two recommendations were to: 1. Create a Housing Trust Fund; and 2. Appoint a Housing Trust Fund Board.

 2000: Ordinance 7194 establishes the Housing Trust Fund. The fund is created with $500,000 from the general fund due to a cost underrun from the Indoor Aquatic Center.

 2001: City of Lawrence adopts Ordinance 7357, establishing the Housing Trust Fund Board, "to encourage and support the acquisition, rehabilitation, and development of affordable housing and/or emergency shelter and supportive services necessary to maintain independent living with dignity in our community."

 2002 to 2007: $10,000 per year for 5 years was added to the Housing Trust Fund from the City’s general fund. Also an additional $104,000 in interest was earned from 2000 to 2006.

 2005: City Commission directs the Housing Trust Fund Board to initiate a Request for Proposals to allocate all Housing Trust monies (approximately $560,000 was allocated, $557,847 was spent). Presently, $102,672 remains in the fund.

 2005: The City of Lawrence continued studying the need for affordable housing with the decision by the City Commission to participate in the Community Housing Assessment Team (CHAT) process, which reported in 2005 a need to increase the number of affordable housing units in Lawrence by 1,690 (under $130,000) affordable owner-occupied units and 2,347 affordable (under $700) renter-occupied units.

 

July 14, 2015: The city adopted Ordinance 9129 creating an Affordable Housing Advisory Board for the Affordable Housing Trust Fund. Justice Matters secured the $100,000 remaining in the AHFT for an Affordable Housing Demonstration Project.

July 17, 2015: The Tenants to Homeowners Housing Conference brought city leaders together to explore affordable housing options. All five city commissioners were in attendance.

October 2015: Hundreds of people in Justice Matters’ partner congregations discussed housing and homelessness at a series of house meetings throughout the city. Participants watched While We Wait, a short film telling the story of individuals waiting for public housing assistance in Lawrence.

November 4, 2015: The Affordable Housing Advisory Board met for the first time.

November 2015: Members of the Housing Working Group met individually with city commissioners to outline Justice Matters’ housing vision for Lawrence and our plan to identify revenue sources for the AHTF in 2016.

December 8, 2015: The Housing Working Group kicked off a new year of research after Justice Matters voted to continue our work in affordable housing and homelessness for another year.

December 2015- April 2016: The Housing Working Group continued research, sending delegations to meet with:

  • Rob Hulse (Executive Vice President of the Lawrence Board of Realtors)
  • Eric Sader (General Housing Assistance, Lawrence-Douglas County Housing Authority)
  • Bobbie Flory (Executive Director, Lawrence Homebuilders Association)
  • Brian Kidney (Finance Director, City of Lawrence)
  • Casey Toomay (Assistant City Manager, City of Lawrence)
  • Chad Lawhorn (Managing Editor, Lawrence Journal World)
  • Shannon Oury (Director, Lawrence-Douglas County Housing Authority) 
  • Rebecca Buford and Erika Zimmerman (Executive Director, Tenants to Homeowners, and Executive Director, Habitat for Humanity)
  • Tom Markus (City Manager, City of Lawrence)

The Housing Working Group also met individually with all city commissioners, and made presentations at the Affordable Housing Advisory Board and City Commission meetings.

The Demonstration Project

March 1, 2016 the Lawrence City Commission approved a $100,000 proposal for an Affordable Housing Demonstration Project using funds that Justice Matters secured following the Nehemiah Assembly in 2015. The purpose of the Demonstration Project is to build public support for affordable housing in Lawrence by showing a small scale example of what could be possible in Lawrence on a large scale with a significant city investment.

Tenants to Homeowners, Habitat for Humanity, the Lawrence-Douglas County Housing Authority, Family Promise, and the Willow Domestic Violence Shelter are teaming up to build three affordable homes for families in transition by the end of 2016. All three houses will be three to five bedrooms to rent or own, and all will be kept permanently affordable using the Lawrence Community Housing Trust to serve many families over time. Tenants to Homeowners donated the land, tore down a condemned home on one of the lots, and plans to construct two of the new homes for rentals. Habitat for Humanity will build the third home with volunteer labor, using their sweat equity model for the new homeowners. Family Promise and Willow will identify families to live in the homes and will provide ongoing supportive services to those families for two years. The Lawrence-Douglas County Housing Authority will offer vouchers to further reduce the cost of renting. Since the average family in rental housing moves every three years and the average homeowner moves every five years, it is reasonable to estimate that these three houses will provide a home for 26 families over the next 30 years. All told, our partners’ conservative estimate is that this project will leverage $4 for every local dollar invested.

Second Nehemiah Action: April 2016

Another 2,000 people came together for a second year at the Lied Center on April 13, 2016 to ask the Mayor and Vice Mayor to address affordable housing in Lawrence with specific ideas for funding surfaced during interviews with Commissioners and staff. Specific suggestions for funding sources were raised at the Assembly and included:

  • include $15 million in the City’s Capital Improvement Plan to meet the need for affordable homes in Lawrence over the next five years.
  • invest $1.5 million in 2017 in the creation of permanently affordable housing.
  • start by eliminating the transitional housing waiting list.

Mayor Amyx and Vice Mayor Soden reminded those present that affordable housing is one of the City of Lawrence’s top priorities and affirmed the need for a significant investment in affordable housing. “I will work as hard as I possibly can on the need for affordable homes,” Mayor Amyx said. “At this point I do have to say one thing,” he added, “as I look at this $15 million, it may take a longer period of time, but I want everybody to understand it has become a priority to the city.”

May 2016: the Lawrence Journal World publishes a five-part series on the issue of housing affordability and cites national health survey which ranked the housing problem in the Lawrence region as "severe". See: http://www2.ljworld.com/news/affordable-housing-lawrence/

May 23, 2016: City Manager Tom Markus proposes $300,000 - 350,000 toward affordable housing over 5 years. Justice Matters' estimates with leveraged funds, the 4,000+ units of affordable housing needed in the city will take over 60 years to build at this rate. See: http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2016/may/23/affordable-housing-bicycle-and-pedestrian-improvem/

June 2, 2016: Justice Matters' kicks off Justice Week by mailing an oversized postcard to every household in Lawrence encouraging people to learn and act on the issue of affordable housing.

 


[i] According to the National Low Income Housing Coalition report, “Out of Reach,” it would take a $15.67 hourly wage in Lawrence, working 40 hours a week, 52 weeks a year, to afford a two-bedroom rental unit without paying more than 30 percent of annual income.
[ii] City of Lawrence Consolidated Plan, page 21.https://www.lawrenceks.org/assets/pds/devservices/cdd/consolidated_plans/ds_cdd_2013_con_plan.pdf
[iii] City of Lawrence Memorandum. http://lawrenceks.org/assets/agendas/cc/2015/08-25-15/cc_workplan_Housing_Analysis_Memo_v4_2015_06_02.pdf
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